Organic cotton refers to naturally cultivated cotton without the use of any synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers or pesticides or transgenic technology. It was first planted in the 1980s as an attempt to secure sustainable, ecological, and biodynamic agriculture.
a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. ... The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable, and durable textile